Organ donation process
Santhi Organ Donation
Organ Donation is a person pledges during his lifetime that after death, organs from his/her body can be used for transplantation to help terminally ill patients and giving them a new lease of life.
There are two ways of Organ donation :
Living related donors: only immediate blood relations (brother, sister, parents & children) can donate as per the Transplantation of Human Organ Act 1994. Living donor can donate only few organs, one kidney (as one kidney is capable of maintaining the body functions), a portion of pancreas (as half of the pancreas is adequate for sustaining pancreatic functions) and part of the liver (as the few segments that are donated will regenerate after a period of time) can be donated.
Cadaver Organ donor: can donate all organs after brain death.
The major donor organs and tissues are heart, lungs, liver, pancreas, kidneys, eyes, heart valves, skin, bones, bone marrow, connective tissues, middle ear, and blood vessels. Therefore one donor can possibly give gift of life to many terminally ill patients who would not survive otherwise.
It is the irreversible and permanent cessation of all brain functions. Brain can no longer send messages to the body to perform vital functions like breathing, sensation, obeying commands etc. Such persons are kept on artificial support (ventilation) to maintain oxygenation of organs so that the organs are in healthy condition until they are removed. Most cases of brain death are the result of head injuries, brain tumours patients from Intensive care units. Organs of such patients can be transplanted in organ failure patients to provide them a new lease of life.
Organ donation takes healthy organs and tissues from one person for transplantation into another. Experts say that the organs from one donor can save or help as many as 50 people. The organs that can be donated include:
Internal organs: kidneys, heart, liver, pancreas, intestines, lungs
Bone and bone marrow
Human-to-human transplantation of organs has been accepted by doctors worldwide as the best line of treatment and often the only one for a wide range of fatal diseases such as End Stage Renal Disease (kidney failure). Organ transplantation has been one of the greatest advances of modern science that has resulted in many patients getting a renewed lease of life. A living person can donate organs, after natural death or after 'brain death'. After natural death only a few tissues can be donated (like cornea, bone, skin and blood vessels) whereas after brain death almost 37 different organs and tissues can be donated including critical organs such as kidneys, heart, liver and lungs.
Human organ donation is fast developing into a major treatment protocol. However it is yet to make any significant dent in India. A country with a population of over 1 billion people, India lags behind in the implementation of a cadaveric donation programme. Annually, while over 100,000 Indians suffer from End Stage Renal Disease, only a mere 3,000 are recipients of a donor kidney, of which only a small percentage are cadaver organs. In fact, the total number of patients who have received cadaver kidneys in India from 1995 to 2003 is only 524, an abysmally small figure. The major problem now facing transplant surgery is a critical shortage of available organs.
Organ donation process :
Hospital Organ Donation Registry coordinates the process of cadaver organ donation i.e. organ donation after death and transplantation.
There are two ways to donate organs:
By pledging for organ donation when a person is alive
By consent of family after death.
During lifetime, a person can pledge for organ donation by filling up a donor form in the presence of two witnesses, one of who shall be a near relative.
The organ donor form could be obtained from HODR either personally or through mail. It could also be downloaded from our Website:
The donor form is absolutely free of cost.
As mentioned earlier, you need to fill up the donor form and get it signed by two witnesses one of whom shall be a near relative and send the same to HODR
After receiving the filled in form, HODR provides the donor with an organ donor card bearing registration number on it.
It is suggested to keep the donor card in your pocket and share your decision with your near and dear ones.
If a person expires without registration, the family members can donate his/her organs. For this they need to sign a consent form, which is provided at that time.
Once, the relatives give a written consent, organs are harvested within a few hours.
The family of the donor does not face any difficulty or extra burden upon them.
The transplant coordination team carries out the entire process till the relatives receive the body of the deceased.
The deceased body is given back to the family in a dignified way.
There is no disfigurement. The body can be viewed as in any case of death and funeral arrangements need not be delayed.
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